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Chinese Pinyin

Introduction

Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. Hanyu means the Chinese language, and pinyin means "spell sound", or the spelling of the sound. It is used to teach Chinese schoolchildren and foreign learners the standard pronunciation of Mandarin Chinese, to spell Chinese names in foreign publications. It has also become a useful tool for entering Chinese language text into computers.

Initials and Finals

The pronunciation of Chinese is generally given in terms of initials and finals, which represent the segmental phonemic portion of the language. Initials are initial consonants, while finals are all possible combinations of medial (semivowels coming before the vowel), the nucleus vowel, and coda (final vowel or consonant).

(1). Initials

b

p

m

f

d

t

n

l

g

k

h

j

q

x

zh

ch

sh

r

z

c

s

y w

(2). Finals

 

 

i

u

ü

ɑ

ia

o

 

 

uo

e

ie

 

 

üe

ai

 

 

uɑi

ei

 

 

uei

ao

iɑo

ou

iou

ɑn

iɑn

uɑn

üɑn

en

in

uen

ün

ɑnɡ

iɑnɡ

uɑnɡ

enɡ

亨的韵母

inɡ

uenɡ

onɡ

轰的韵母

ionɡ

Lessons

Lesson 1. Initials _ b p m f d t n l

Lesson 2. Initials _ g k h j q x

Lesson 3. Initials _ zh ch sh r z c s y w

Lesson 4. Finals _ a o e ai ei ao ou an en ang eng ong

Lesson 5. Finals _ i ia ie iao iou ian in iang ing iong

Lesson 6. Finals _ u ua uo uai uei uan uen uang ueng

Lesson 7. Finals _ ü üe üɑn ün

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Pinyin lessons

1. Initials:  b p m f d t n l

2. Initials:  g k h j q x

3. Initials:  zh ch sh r z c s y w

4. Finals:  a o e ai ei ao ou an en ang eng ong

5. Finals:  i ia ie iao iou ian in iang ing iong

6. Finals:  u ua uo uai uei uan uen uang ueng

7. Finals:  ü üe üɑn ün

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